Observing and Documenting Developmental Milestones
What are developmental milestones?
Milestones occur in each developmental domain: physical, cognitive, language and
1. Assess the four areas of development
2. Use the developmental milestone checklist provided to conduct an assessment of the
child's developmental levels.
3. Select two milestones per developmental domain to observe and analyze.
4. Next, choose 1 of the 2 milestones per domain to study further.
a. Research logical and developmentally appropriate activities that would further the
development of the respective milestone.
b. Construct the recommendation with the parent/guardian and child in mind.
i. The activity should be easily facilitated by the parent/guardian.
Running head: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER
Child Case Study
Tarrant County College
Phase 1: Observing and Documenting the Child’s Temperament
Temperament is defined as "the basic style" which shapes a person's behavior. Temperament refers to personality traits which determine how a person reacts to different circumstances. Temperaments are mostly innate traits that we are born with, but these traits could also be influenced by the environment in which we live and by our family (Rymanowicz, 2017). Each person has individual temperament traits, which develop unique identities and personalities. Temperament brings a context and a way of thinking to one's behavior. Parenting styles can change the traits of their children if they feel that their child has developed ineffective behavior or traits. Understanding a child's temperament enables parents to have appropriate expectations from them. Parents directly influence the temperament of their children, they should ensure that they are showing the right behavior in front of them (Rymanowicz, 2017).
The evaluation of the temperament traits of the case study boy, a one-year-old named Jorge Soto, shows that he is a frustrating child unless he has his favorite things in front of him. Jorge Soto is a selective child and has developed a unique set of traits compared to his parents. As explained by his parents, he is a moody person because, in front of his favorite things, he is more likely to stay happy and satisfied and vice versa. Jorge Soto's temperament style is difficult to understand. According to the first trait (Activity level), The rating is a 4. He is moderately active because his mood is difficult to tackle when he wakes up from sleep for one to two hours. Then he remains active all day, but when we host a new guest, he remains calm in front of them too. His mother said in front of guests; he does not interact with anyone or participate in any activity. The second temperament trait is rhythmicity, and according to his mother, his eating schedules are regular, but he sleeps at different times. Sometimes he sleeps more in the morning and less in the evening, negatively affecting my routine. For this reason, this trait is rated a 2 because he is not much irregular or ineffective in his routines and repetitive behaviors. In terms of approach/withdrawal approach, I rated it a 5 Jorge does not adjust to changes and new situations quickly. According to his mother, he doesn’t go up to people but rather me to himself. He takes extra time to adjust to new people and different environments. He usually hesitates in new social settings and instead of joining, he tries his best to avoid. New situations and different environments quickly affect Jorge’s mood.
Moreover, according to the adaptability trait, I rated a 5 Jorge is less adaptable than his fellows. He struggles to adapt things on his own, but it takes time. According to the sensory threshold trait, Jorge is not sensitive to anything around him. He is not sensitive to new clothes, food, and different items; normally, kids get sensitive to such items around them. I rated Jorge a 1. The quality of his mood is rated a 4 it’s neither positive nor negative, but he is a moderate person, and his mood depends on the things and people around him. For the trait "intensity of reactions," I rated him a 4 he is moderate when it comes to reactions. There are some incidents in which he is reactive, like when he is watching his favorite cartoons, and his mother changes the channel. He would be reactive to it compared to someone fighting in the room, and he is listening to the sound. For the Distractibility trait, I rated Jorge a 3 he likes to remain in his own zone. According to his mother, talking to him while his favorite movie Encanto was on was difficult; I tried to hand him a bottle, and he turned me out. The attention span trait is rated a 5. Because Jorge can focus on things for a long period of time without showing frustration or discomfort.
Analysis of traits and qualities of Jorge Soto shows that he is a moody person. His mother should spend time with him and guide him to get comfortable with people. The analysis of his personality traits shows that he is going to grow as an introverted child.
Types of Temperament
There are three types of temperaments, easy-going, slow-to-warm, and active. Easy-going children are active and happy from birth and get comfortable with new environments without mood swings and challenges. Slow-to-warm children generally take time to adjust to new environments. They have been calm and observant since birth. Children having active temperaments are varied in their sleeping and eating patterns (Li, 2022). Based on these types of temperaments, Jorge Soto is a slow-to-warm child because he takes time to adjust to new environments and to get comfortable with new people.
Part II – Observing and Documenting Developmental Milestones
Milestone can be described as stages of development. Which acts as a checklist to help navigate where your child should be developmentally. There are four key elements for developmental milestones. Physical, social/emotional, cognitive and language. Some of the milestones for a 12-month child in the physical domain include sitting from standing and squats and stands. Next in the social/emotional domain, they can show ownership of people as well as show ownership of materials. Moving into the cognitive domain, child is able let things go without help and follow simple directions. Last in the language category, a child can attempt to say words you say and says Mama and Dada.