Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Touchstone 3: Presenting a Research Plan SCENARIO: Your supervisor has approved your research question and plan for studying some aspect of diversity and/or collaboration in a community -

Touchstone 3: Presenting a Research Plan SCENARIO: Your supervisor has approved your research question and plan for studying some aspect of diversity and/or collaboration in a community

Touchstone 3: Presenting a Research Plan

SCENARIO: Your supervisor has approved your research question and plan for studying some aspect of diversity and/or collaboration in a community group. Now it is time to conduct your literature review and develop your hypothesis and research plan.

ASSIGNMENT: In the first Touchstone, you developed a research question and prepared a preliminary bibliography for your literature review. You will now conduct your literature review, formulate your hypothesis and research plan, and develop a set of notecards that summarize your work.

REQUIREMENTS: You must create 8-11 notecards using the touchstone template below. Your notecards will include:

  • introduction card
  • research question card
  • literature review (4–6 cards)
  • hypothesis card
  • operational definitions card (if needed)
  • research method card


A. Directions

Step 1: Revise Touchstone 1

First, return to the community group description, research question, and proposed bibliography that you submitted in Touchstone 1, and make any necessary changes based on feedback from the grader. You will likely want to refine your reading list based on the feedback you received and what you learned about diversity and collaboration in Unit 3.

Step 2: Conduct a Literature Review

Next, complete your reading for your literature review.

Reminder of attributes of good readings for your literature review:

  • They are academic, scholarly works about research findings or they are reliable journalistic reporting based on scientifically credible and reliable data.
  • They should have been published in the last 20 years—unless they are a landmark work on the topic and provide important background or as a comparison.
  • They look at different sides of the argument and a variety of perspectives.

As you complete each reading, take notes. Some of the questions you could ask about each reading include:

  1. Who wrote this article? Is it the researchers themselves, or is it a journalist writing about their findings?
  2. Where was it published? Is it a scholarly publication like an academic journal, or is it for a popular audience? If the publication is for a popular audience, how would you characterize the audience?
  3. Do they have an academic affiliation? Are the researchers sociologists, or are they of a different discipline?
  4. When was the research conducted?
  5. What question were the researchers attempting to answer?
  6. How does this question/topic relate to my question/topic?
  7. What methods did they use to study their question?
  8. What conclusions did they draw from their results?
  9. How do their conclusions impact my research question, hypothesis, or research plan?

As you did for your first Touchstone, you will include five key elements for each source, with each element separated by a period:

  • Author’s name(s)
  • Publisher and publication date
  • Title of the source, in quotation marks
  • Page numbers (if applicable)
  • Source's location for web-based texts (URL)

Step 3: Formulate a Hypothesis, State Your Operational Definitions, and Choose a Research Method

Next, formulate a hypothesis for your research question and choose a sociological research method appropriate for testing your hypothesis. While you won’t be conducting the research, you will write up a description of how you plan to conduct your research. (HINT: Refer back to Lesson 1.3.5: Formulating a Hypothesis, Lesson 1.3.6: Collecting Data: Quantitative Approaches , and Lesson 1.3.6: Collecting Data: Quantitative Approaches for help.)

A formal hypothesis states the relationship between two variables—one is independent (IV) and one is dependent (DV). It must also be formatted as an If/Then statement, for instance:

  • If people eat chocolate (IV), then they will get pimples (DV).
  • If people go to the gym (IV), then they will be fit (DV).

Operational Definitions
Operational definitions identify important concepts related to the research. For example, If your community organization includes students, are they K-12? College? Medical? Or are students defined as: young adults between the ages of 18-21 who are attending a particular college or university?

Research Method
Deciding on a research method will also take some thought and planning:

  1. Will you use qualitative or quantitative research or a combination?
  2. How will you engage subjects or find your data?
  3. What kinds of tools and assessments will be used to gather the data?

Step 4: Prepare Your Notecards

Finally, incorporate Steps 1-4 to prepare a set of notecards for your proposed research study. Use the template provided to create 8-11 notecards that present the work you completed in Steps 1-4.


Date: September 30th 2022

SOCI1010 Unit 1 Touchstone Template

Complete the following template, including all parts, using complete sentences.

STEP 1: Pick a Topic

Write a paragraph (approximately 6-8 sentences) describing the community group you have chosen. In particular, be sure to answer the following questions:

· What is the community group?

· What are the attributes or characteristics of this community group?

· What kind of experience with or access to this community group do you have?

The community group I have selected is Liverpool Football Club, a soccer team based in Liverpool, England. The community is attributed to several characteristics. For example, it has brought together football players from different parts of the world. Therefore, the football club is centered on diversity. In addition, diverse players usually work collaboratively to achieve their goal, which is to excel in football tournaments. I have been a fan of this community for a long time. Thus, I have been closely following the community's developments to know its underlying dynamics.

STEP 2: Ask a Question

Write the question you have formulated for your study, and identify the independent and dependent variables.

Research question:

How do diversity and collaboration exhibited by the Liverpool Football Club community help the team to achieve its goals?

Independent variable:

Collaboration and diversity

Dependent variable:

Goal achievement

STEP 3: Prepare a Bibliography

List 4-6 articles, books, or other resources that relate to your question for your literature review. Use the simplified method to format sources for your bibliography. Include five key elements for each source, with each element separated by a period:

· Author’s name(s)

· Publication and Publication date

· Title of the source

· Page numbers (if applicable)

· Source's location for web-based texts (URL)

1. Daniel Maderer, Dirk Holtbrügge, and Tassilo Schuster. 2014. Professional football squads as multicultural teams: Cultural diversity, intercultural experience, and team performance. 215-238. International Journal of Cross-Cultural Management.

2. Gordon Kane. 2020. Liverpool FC shows us a proper path to success. Sports Business Journal.

3. Siv Vangen and Nik Winchester. Managing cultural diversity in collaborations: A focus on management tensions. 686-707. Public Management Review.

4. Pearson. 2021. Pearson BTEC International Level 3 Specialist Award in the History and Governance of Liverpool Football Club. 1-31. Pearson Education Limited.

5. McKinsey & Company. 2020. Diversity wins: How inclusion matters. 3-48.

6. Frazer Bennett. 2022. Why diversity powers creativity and collaboration. Bringing Ingenuity to Life.

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